This is a section through the infundibular part of the oviduct; the fimbriae are the long, slender, finger-like projections to the upper right. Each is covered with a ciliated simple columnar epithelium. The beating of the cilia is important in moving the egg into the funnel shaped upper end of the tube.
The infundibulum also has a secretory function. It produces the first of the egg coats, the chalazae. These are the whitish string-like structures on either side of the yolk, that keep the embryo in proper position during development.
The gross arrangement of the fimbriae and the beating of the ciliated epithelium creates a vortex to pull in the egg. The ciliation here is so extensive that it was from this organ that these organelles were first reported, in the early 19th Century. Note the simple nature of the epithelium and the well vascularized CT of the underlying lamina propria.
Oviduct, chicken; H&E stain, paraffin sections, 20x and 200x
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