The mesobronchus is structurally very similar to the mammalian bronchus, as the name implies. It's lined with TRE and has cartilage and smooth muscle in its walls. It has no direct function in gas exchange; as with the mammalian bronchus it's an airway and not a respiratory surface. This image (and the one below) show a mesobronchus cut in cross section. Notice the presence of hyaline cartilage plates in the wall.
The mesobronchus conducts air through the middle of the lung and also to smaller bronchi. It gives rise to recurrent secondary bronchi, which in their turn give rise to tertiary bronchi (also called parabronchi). (The secondary bronchi, as you can see here, have walls made primarily of smooth muscle, and in a mammal might more properly be termed "bronchioles.")
The parabronchi coming off the secondaries have a peculiar structure that's difficult to appreciate in two dimensional sections; the walls of these airways are "scalloped" by the bay-like air vesicles, the place where actual gas exchange takes place.
Avian lung; H&E stain, paraffin sections, 20x and 20x
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